In Arabia, there lived a noble king. His name was Mardas (also called Khrutasp of Babylon). He had only one son, Zohak, who was brave but also very rash and ambitious. Ahriman (Satan) decided to corrupt Zohak. He sent Evil, disguised as a well-wisher called Ablis, to the court. Praising Zohak for his valour and wisdom, he brought the young man completely under his influence. Ablis told him “I have great knowledge and if you obey me, I will make you master of the world. But you must pledge yourself fully to me and swear that you will always do what I tell you to do”. Zohak foolishly agreed. The first task he was given by Ahriman horrified him, because it was to kill his own father and become king: “For while your old father lives, you will remain unknown”. Zohak could not however break away from Satan and followed the evil plan.
The old king used to go to his garden before dawn to take a bath and prepare for his prayers. Zohak was made to dig a deep pit in the path, plant sharp stakes there and cover it with straw. Mardas fell into the pit and died and Zohak crowned himself King of the Arabs.
Zohak learnt the art of black magic from Ahriman and began to rule. Satan now appeared to Zohak in the form of a sweet-tongued young man who was an expert cook. He succeeded in being made the chief cook in the palace. Till that time, most food had been cooked from vegetables and herbs, for men ate “what grew from the earth”. Satan fed Zohak a delicious dish made with eggs. Then every day he slaughtered a different bird or animal and served these dishes – partridge, chicken, lamb, veal and other such animals. He fed Zohak with blood and the royal prince wanted more and more such food.
“O flesh of every beast and every bird
He brought him one by one as he preferred
And like a lion nourished him with blood
So as to make the king bold on such food”
Zohak believed that eating flesh made him strong and brave like a lion, and called the cook to thank him.The cook asked for a boon. “If the king takes pleasure in thy servant, grant that he may kiss thy shoulders”. Zohak gave permission, the cook kissed him on his shoulders, and immediately the earth opened beneath his feet and the cook disappeared. All the courtiers were very agitated. But as they turned around they saw that from the king’s shoulders sprang two hissing serpents, black and poisonous. The king was terrified and commanded they should be cut off. But every time the snakes were cut they grew again and the whole court was in despair.
Satan once again appeared disguised as a learned doctor and declared
“What is done is done.
Feed them to turn them calm …
No other remedy the case will meet
Save brains of men give ye them to eat”
It was Satan’s secret plan to make sure that two young humans were killed daily to feed Zohak, for in this way he ultimately schemed to rid the world of human beings. Zohak fed the brains of two young men daily to his snakes and fear and terror of the king spread through the land.
Two young Iranian brothers, Armail and Karmail, tried to prevent total slaughter and joined the palace as cooks. Every day they rescued the life of one man brought to the kitchens and replaced his brain with the brain of a sheep. In this way they saved hundreds of lives. The youths who were rescued were told to flee to the mountains and forests and never come back. These people started leading nomadic lives in the wilderness and it is believed that the present day Kurds are their descendants.
King Jamshed at this time had become weak by disobeying Ahura Mazda, and as Zohak’s power spread, the nobles of Iran thought he could restore peace. Zohak marched into Iran and crowned himself. Finally, Zohak found king Jamshed, who had fled the country, and killed him by having his body cut into two parts. Zohak took Jamshed’s two sisters, Shernaz and Arnavaz, into his harem. So Zohak, having his sold his soul to the devil, now was king of Arabia, Iran and the surrounding country, and he believed he was king of the world. It was a sad time, for every day men were killed in court to satisfy the snakes. Evil and vice spread all over the world and virtue hid its face.
Ahura Mazda now saw that the people had learnt that evil only begets evil. He wanted to stop the suffering of the earth. He therefore caused a grandson to be born to Jamshed who was named Faridun. Zohak had a terrible dream:
“A youth was there
Tall as a Cypress and with kingly air.
With loins all girded and of royal grace
He carried in his hands a bull –headed mace
Zohak he fierce attacked, to battle led
And struck with ox-headed mace upon his head”.
The tyrant called wise men to interpret his dream. They were frightened to tell the king the truth but finally, one brave priest named Zirak, interpreted the dream thus: “There will arise one named Faridun, who shall inherit your throne and strike you down with a bull-headed mace”. Zohak swooned in anger and fear, but when he recovered he sent his warriors out to search for Faridun.
Abtin, a young and handsome man, was Faridun’s father. He used to stay in hiding from Zohak’s cruelty but was finally caught and killed. Faridun’s mother, Faranak, kept the boy hidden in a thick forest where a wondrous cow named Purmayah nursed him. Purmayah’s hair was the colour of a peacock’s feather. When Zohak came to learn of this hiding place, Faridun’s mother fled to a holy man on Mount Alburz and asked him to guard and protect the boy. Zohak had discovered Purmayah in the forest. In his anger that Faridun had escaped, he killed the cow and destroyed the whole forest, turning it into a barren desert. At the age of sixteen, Faridun learnt the truth about his father and his birth. Hearing of Zohak’s cruelty, Faridun was keen to take revenge, but his mother told him to wait till he had allies to help him in his destined task.
Zohak, in his fury, demanded that all his people declare him a just and noble king and sign the Mehzar Nameh or pledge of loyalty. Most obeyed out of fear, but one man named Kaveh refused in anger. He told his story to all: “I am Kaveh, a blacksmith, I want justice against the king. I had seventeen fair sons; you, King, have killed sixteen to satisfy your serpents and have now told me to send my last child. I will not do so”. Zohak, fearing that the people were turning against him, tried to bribe Kaveh, granted the life of his son and appealed to Kaveh to state that he was a noble and just king. Kaveh angrily rejected the king and strode out from the palace to the market place where he stirred up the oppressed people against the evil Zohak. Kaveh took off his blacksmith’s leather apron, and putting it on the point of a lance, raised it as the flag of freedom. He declared that he and the people would find Faridun to free them from Zohak. This banner made by Kaveh became Iran’s national flag for five dynasties and came to be called the Drafshe Kavyani or Kavyani Zundo (the royal flag).
The crowd of people marched with Kaveh to Faridun’s mother’s home, holding up this flag. Faridun knew that it was time to reclaim Jamshed’s throne. He asked for his mother’s blessings, had a bull-headed iron mace made to remind him of the cow Purmayah who had nursed and protected him, and embroidered the leather apron of Kaveh with his mother’s jewels because it was to be the flag of freedom. The army set forth to search for Zohak. After crossing the river Tigris, they reached the palace of the king. All the people of the city (Beitul Mukaddas) rallied to Faridun who freed Jamshed’s two sisters Shernaz and Arnavaz. Faridun was declared the king.
Zohak returned with an army but the people of the city threw bricks and stones from their city towers on the tyrant, and Faridun’s army shattered Zohak’s forces. Zohak and Faridun came face to face, but even as the young man raised his bull-headed mace to crush Zohak, the angel Sarosh swooped down and proclaimed “Strike not; not yet has come his time for death”. Sarosh told Faridun to take Zohak to Mount Demavand and bind him to a rock. There the hot sun punished him for his deeds, the chains cut into his flesh and his tongue was parched with thirst. Legend says that Zohak is still imprisoned on Mount Demavand, and every night he cuts at the iron chains that bind him and makes them thin. But just as they are about to snap, morning dawns with the crow of the rooster (allegorically it means the forces of evil are powerful at night but the good forces symbolized by the rooster, bird of angel Sarosh, become powerful in the light of day and forces evil to retreat) which restores the chains to their original size. So Zohak eternally suffers some of the cruelty that he had inflicted on others.
Faridun took over Zohak’s kingdom and reigned in his place.
Kundalini rising or awareness is represented by 2 snkaes Shiva and Shakti
Shiva and Shakti
Consciousness and Energy
Amongst the attributes of the Chakras we meet two important symbols: Shiva and Shakti.
SHIVA symbolises consciousness, the masculine principle.
SHAKTI symbolises the feminine principle, the activating power and energy.
Whenever a power becomes active, and wherever energy exists, Shakti is working. Other terms for these primal principles are PURUSHA and PRAKRITI; Purusha is consciousness and Prakriti is nature.
Lord Shiva is generally portrayed holding a trident, which represents the trinity of Īshwara, Purusha and Prakriti .
Īshwara is the omnipresent, eternal, formless divine principle; Purusha is the Ātmā and Prakriti is the manifestation, nature. An electric light can be used to explain their relationship. The electric current, which is the source of the light, is Īshwara; the light is Purusha, and the object that is illuminated is Prakriti.
SHAKTI (or Prakriti) means energy, power, movement, change, nature. It is the maternal principle – the provider, abundance. In the human as well as in the animal kingdom the mother offers nourishment, warmth and security. There is no greater love than the love of a mother. The mother carries and nourishes the child in her own body. When it is born she provides it with mother’s milk and raises it at the sacrifice of her own self until it becomes self-reliant.
SHIVA (or Purusha), on the other hand, is pure consciousness – the unchanging, unlimited and unswayable observer. Purusha has no desires whatsoever; these are inherent only in Prakriti. Purusha is the empty, clear screen onto which Prakriti projects her colourful film.
Shiva and Shakti are manifestations of the all-in-one divine consciousness – different sides of the same coin. In many pictures these two primal powers are each depicted as being one half of the same image; one side female and one side male. The left side is the Divine Mother, Pārvatī, the “feminine” energy, and the right side represents Shiva, the “masculine” consciousness.
Through the splitting of the primordial principle at the advent of creation the duality within our lives came into being, together with a strong force that is constantly striving to re-unite with the other part.
Only when Shiva and Shakti combine can action, movement and creation arise. Until energy is impregnated with consciousness it is ignorant, disordered, aimless and “blind”. Energy alone can produce nothing; consciousness bestows upon it content, form and direction. Conversely, consciousness without energy is dormant power, sleeping energy, and on its own is unable to be the cause of anything. Just as Prakriti without Purusha is unable to act, and vice versa, Purusha without Prakriti is also incapable of creating anything.
The meaning of Shiva and Shakti is occasionally misunderstood when Shiva and Shakti are looked upon as “man” and “woman” and their union is regarded as a sexual relationship. Sexuality is something completely natural, and misunderstanding arises only when sexuality and spirituality are mixed.
- Sexuality is the union of man and woman
- Spirituality is the union of the human and the divine consciousness.
Shiva and Shakti exist within each of us as the masculine and feminine principles. This has an effect on the physical level – it is the cause of sexual attraction. Within man there exists a tendency towards the feminine qualities, and within woman a tendency towards the masculine. Through this the masculine consciousness is attracted by the feminine and vice versa. If both are in balance there is no sexual attraction. But if a tendency for the masculine predominates in man, or the feminine in woman, this results in a preference for a homosexual partner.
Shiva resides in the Sahasrāra Chakra and Shakti in the Mūlādhāra Chakra. When Prakriti and Purusha unite in the Sahasrāra Chakra, knowledge, knower and the object of knowledge become one. Once we have experienced this no desires remain within us because we realise unequivocally that everything we have ever yearned for is carried within us. In this state of absolute consciousness there are no polarities and therefore no more sorrows; there is only everlasting joy, unconditional love, unlimited compassion and total understanding for all living beings.
For as long as consciousness is connected to the physical body it is unable to remain constantly in the Sahasrāra Chakra and so returns to the residence of the Ātmā in the Heart Centre (Anāhata Chakra). A realised person always thinks, feels and acts from the heart. Embedded in eternal love and eternal happiness, that person is always conscious of the immortal Ātmā, the ocean of bliss, and their consciousness is forever connected to the divine consciousness.
- Shakti is the motherly love of God that surrounds us with warmth, caring and protection.
- Shiva is the paternal love of God that gives us consciousness, clarity and knowledge.
I wish for you the blessing of the Divine Mother who lives within you as energy and vitality, and the blessing of the Divine Father who resides within you as consciousness and knowledge. May they always take care of you, protect you and guide you, and in their infinite love lead you to the cosmic consciousness.
Here is another blatant example of Zoroastrianism demonizing Vedic Hinduism. As a Yatus walking the path of the Traditional Ahrimanic Religion, it should be simple to find that between the 2 opposing ideas, great power is found elevating the 2 serpents through the Chakras. On this path Shiva is known as Nanshait, and the corruption of Anahita is Jahi. These are the internal serpents laying dormant with in us and hold tremendous power we can unlock and in the end, allow us to receive Father Ahriman’s decree without the reliance of Melek Taus. The son’s connection to the mother is strong bond, and as we bond with Father Ahriman, we also bond with Purusha (universal essence). The Daeva guardians of our Chakra, are also planetary guardians as well. This is our link to universal power.
Muladhara (Anus Chakra) Guru (Jupiter)
Muladhara Chakra (Root):
Daeva: Vedic Indra
Mantra: LAM (Vam, S’am, Sham, Sam)
Stones: Fire Agate and Black Onyx
Grahas Guru (Jupiter):
Daeva: Vedic Indra
Stone: Yellow Sapphire
Svadhisthana Chakra (Sacral):
Mantra: Vam (Ba, Bha, Ma, Yu, Ra, La)
Stones: Dragon’s Eye and Fire Opal
Grahas Chandra (Moon):
Manipura Chakra (Naval):
Body: Feet (movement)
Mantra: Ram (Dda, Ddha, Nna, Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, Na, Pa, Pha)
Stones: Sulphur and Tiger Eye
Grahas Ravi (Sun):
Anahata Chakra (Heart):
Body: Hands (working)
Mantra: Yam (Kam, Kham, Gam, Gham, Ngam, Cham, Chham, Jam, Jham, Nyam, Tam, Tham)
Stones: Green Apatite and Serpentine Stone
Grahas Kuja (Mars):
Vishuddha Chakra (Throat):
Body: Vocal Cords
Mantra: Ham (A, A, I, I, U, U, R, R, L, L, E, Ai, O, Au, An, Am, Ah, Pa, Pa, Pi, Pi, Pu, Pu, Pr, Pl, Pl, Pe, Pai, Po, Pou, Pan, Pam, Pah)
Stones: Lapis Lazuli and Blue Opal
Grahas Sukra (Venus):
Ajna Chakra (Brow):
Daeva: Aka Manah
Element: Spiritual Essence
Body: Pineal Gland
Mantra: Aum (Om)
Stones: Lapis Lazuli and Chevron Amethyst
Grahas Budha (Mercury):
Daeva: Aka Manah
Sahasrara Chakra (Crown):
Daeva: Angra Mainyu
Element: Beyond Space and Time
Sense: Spirit (Subconscious)
Mantra: Silence (Completely comfortable in silence with individual fulfillment, possessing abounding apathy.)
Stones: Rainbow Moonstone and Tanzanite
Grahas Sani (Saturn):
Daeva: Melek Taus
Stone: Blue Sapphire
The Sanskrit word ‘Lingam’ means symbol. Thus the literal meaning of Shiva Lingam is the symbol of Shiva. The Supreme Shiva doesn’t have a form and every form is his form. The Shiva Lingam represents him, the Supreme Shiva¸ who is formless. The way when we see a smoke, we infer the presence of fire, the moment we see Shiva Lingam we immediately visualize the existence of the Supreme Shiva.
Symbolisms of the Linga
The Shiva linga represents the ascending energy of consciousness and life in nature. We see this in such forms as the mountain, the thunder cloud, the tree, and the upright human being. Many lingas like that at Kedarnath – the most important Shiva site in the Himalayas – are rocks in the shape of small mountains. Many other lingas are associated with light, the lingas of the Sun, the Moon and Fire. There are the twelve famous Jyotirlingas or light forms of Shiva at twelve special temples throughout India.
The state of Tamil Nadu has special Shiva linga forms for the five elements with lingas of earth, water, fire, air and ether at special temples in the region. In this regard, each element has its Shiva linga or determinative force. The famous hill of Arunachala, where the great enlightened sage Ramana Maharshi stayed, is said to be the fire linga of lord Shiva.
Other Shiva lingas are associated with gold or crystal, the light powers in the metal kingdom. The Shiva linga is often described in terms of light, crystal or transparency. Shiva himself is said to be pure light or light in its primal undifferentiated state, Prakasha matra.
The Shiva linga is connected to the upward pointed triangle, which is also the symbol of fire. The linga is present in the male sexual organ both in plants and in animals. But we should not ignore its other forms in recognizing that. The worship of the linga is connected more generally to a worship of pillars, obelisks, standing stones and pyramids. Tantric linga worship is connected to Vedic pillar worship (the Vedic stambha, skambha, dharuna), which has parallels throughout the ancient world and in indigenous cultures in general who can still perceive the spiritual powers behind the formations of nature.
The Shiva linga is often a pillar of light. In special Vedic fire rituals, the fire could be made to rise in the shape of a pillar which could also then take the shape of a man! In fact, the term Dharma originally refers to what upholds things and can be symbolized by a pillar. The Shiva linga is the universal pillar of Dharma. The pillar is also an inner symbol indicating the erect spine and concentrated mind.
In terms of our human nature, there are several lingas or characteristic marks. The force of Prana is the linga or pillar force upholding the physical body according to the currents that emanate from it. This is the inner ‘Prana Linga’. Our deeper intelligence or Buddhi provides us the power of insight to discern higher realities, the ‘Buddhi Linga’. The Atman or higher Self is the ultimate linga or determinative force of our nature that remains steady and elevated (transcendent) throughout all of our life experience, the ‘Atma Linga’.
The linga and the yoni always go together, first of all on the level of opposites, as the upward and downward pointed triangles. The linga with the yoni below it, the standing stone and the ring base, show the union of male and female energies, not just in sexuality, but also as electro-magnetic forces.
In addition, the linga in its movement creates a yoni, just as a point in its movement can create a circle. We can see this in the circular movement of the stars, planets and nebulae, as well as many other diverse phenomena in the world of nature. The central luminary is the linga and its field of revolution is the yoni. The planets form a yoni or circle as they revolve around the Sun as the linga, of the solar system, its central principle or axis. Yet the Sun itself is revolving around other stars and creating a yoni or circle of its own.
Stonehenge, and other similar sacred sites that have standing stones formed into great circles, show the union of the linga and the yoni, the cosmic male and female or Shiva-Shakti principles. The linga and the yoni are also united in the chakra or the wheel, with the linga as the axis and the yoni as the circumference. The Hindu usage of chakras in ritual and in art also reflects these two powers. Each chakra of the subtle body shows the union of the Shiva and Shakti energies operative at its particular level of manifestation.
The Shiva energy is the upward current running through the spine or Sushumna and the Shakti energy is the horizontal current through which it travels, forming the various lotuses of the chakras. Together they form a spiral of forces. Both forces are necessary to create this dynamic motion.
The experience of the Shiva linga in Yogic meditation is an experience of a pillar of light, energy, peace and eternity, expanding the mind, opening the inner eye and bringing deep peace and steadiness to the heart. From it radiate waves, currents, circles and whirlpools of Shakti spreading this grace, love and wisdom to all. To concentrate our awareness in the linga is one of the best ways of meditation, calming the mind and putting us in touch with our inner Being and Witness beyond all the agitation and sorrow of the world.
In Ayurvedic healing, the creation of the Prana linga or concentration of Prana at a subtle level is what allows deep healing and rejuvenation to occur. In Vedic astrology, the Shiva linga represents the power of light behind the Sun, Moon, planets and stars. In Vastu Shastra, the Shiva linga is used to stabilize the spiritual and vital energy in a house, as a conduit of cosmic forces.
To understand the ultimate secrets of life we must be able to look at the primal powers of existence, including the needs for sex and food, according to their broader connections and universal implications. Human sexuality is only one of the many manifestations of the cosmic forces of duality, of a greater Divine sexuality as it were, which transcends all creaturely existence.
We must learn to see the cosmic energy behind human sexuality rather than try to reduce spiritual polarities to our own physical and emotional inclinations. This is another aspect of Yoga in which we must look beyond human psychology to the universal consciousness.
It is the Black Lingam, that represents the Black Sun. The core of the Earth that which holds the power for the God of this world. This Lingam is seen as the spine that the serpents climb as they interact with each chakra. Through these combinations of meditations, mantras, yantras, stones, and Daeva we can spiritually move forward from Angra Mainyu followers to Devotees. This is the path to universal understanding through the Devil’s Eyes.